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Changes in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
The technique used to obtain oil on its discovery was by simply digging. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. However when steam power was introduced, the brothers were able to drill salt at a faster rate. Benjamin Silliman a chemist at Yale learned more about processes that could convert the oil into kerosene that could then be used in lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. Following the demand; there was an increase in the number of oil fields that were discovered. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
Right now the world still uses the rotary drill for oil extraction. However, they are advanced technologically as they are fitted with digital tracking devices, touchpads and video control to monitor and access the rigs from a fur. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.
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